Prevention of Bug-Borne Illnesses

Warmer temperatures in the summer months mean more bugs—and bites and potential illnesses. Learn more about bug-borne illnesses and how to keep your family safe this season. 


Vector-Borne Illnesses

Vector-borne diseases are human illnesses caused by parasites, viruses and bacteria spread from insects. This list is not all inclusive.

  • Mosquito
  • Blackflies
  • Fleas
  • Lice
  • Sandflies
  • Ticks
  • Triatome (Kissing) bugs
  • Tsetse flies

What Can You Do to Protect Yourself?

Did you encounter a tick?

Submit the tick to the MilTICK page for free identification and testing.


Other protective measures:

  • Use an Environmental Protection Agency-registered insect repellent.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Treat items, such as boots, pants, socks, and tents, with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear.
  • Take steps to control ticks and fleas on pets.
  • Find and remove ticks daily from family and pets.
  • Take steps to control mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas inside and outside your home.

For More Information

To learn more about keeping your family safe year-round, including prevention, travel guidance, and published materials, visit


Link to's bug week page

Last Updated 6/14/2023