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HPA&E Studies : Journal Publications

Status of US Military Retirees and their Spouses toward Achieving Healthy People 2010 Objectives.

Author: Kress AM, Hartzell MC, Peterson MR, Williams TV, Fagan NK.

Objective:
To assess the status of U.S. military retirees and their spouses 38 - 64 years of age relative to select Healthy People 2010 objectives and to identify sociodemographic characteristics associated with select health behaviors.

Design:
Cross-sectional analyses using self-reported standardized measures from the Population Health Survey, 2003.

Setting:
The setting for this study was the continental United States.

Subjects:
U.S. military retirees and their spouses 38 to 64 years of age.

Measures:
Data for this study were self-reported responses to the Population Health Survey. Dichotomous variables were created to indicate whether the Healthy People objective had been met. Each objective was measurable with the survey using the definitions set forth in Healthy People 2010. These objectives included healthy weight and obesity based on body mass index (height and weight); daily fruit, vegetable, and grain consumption; physical inactivity, moderate physical activity, vigorous physical activity; binge drinking; cigarette use; and smoking cessation attempts.

Results:
The study population did not meet any of the Healthy People 2010 targets included in this study. Sociodemographic characteristics associated not meeting the objectives included being male, not having a college degree and less than excellent self-reported general health status.

Conclusions:
Health promotion interventions are needed to improve the health status of this population and to achieve the goals set forth in Healthy People 2010.

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