Gender Differences in Alcohol Use among Military PersonnelObjective: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in alcohol use and alcohol-related negative effects among United States military personnel and to examine factors that may account for gender differences.
Results: Among enlisted personnel, the rates of drinking and the prevalence of alcohol-related problems was higher for men than for women. Among both enlisted personnel and officers, women showed equal or higher rates of productivity loss than men across different levels of alcohol use. A higher rate of drinking and driving among male and female officers compared to enlisted personnel was found. Compared to enlisted personnel, officers overall had lower rates of dependence symptoms and lowers rates of other serious consequences.